The World Wide Web becomes a global tool that changes communication, social, economic and political paradigms. Cyber-warfare becomes another tool of nation-states to launch attacks against another. Pirates, hackers, criminal and activists create new tools to attack people, organizations and governments for economic benefit or social change.
The Internet Age Begins
1990 Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is founded by Mitch Kapor and Stewart Brand
1990 IBM System/390: In 1999 IBM ports Linux to run on a Mainframe.
1990 Microsoft releases Windows 3.0, with "mufti-tasking" as a selling point.
1990 Motorola releases the 68040 CPU.
1990 NewTek released Video Toaster non-linear video editing system for the Amiga line of computers that included custom hardware and software.
1990 The first effort to index the Internet is created by Peter Deutsch at McGill University in Montreal, who devises Archie.
1990 The World (world.std.com) debuts as the first commercial provider of Internet dial-up access
1990 World Wide Web, is created by Sir Tim Berners-Lee
1991 Gopher released by Paul Lindner and Mark P. McCahill from the Univ of Minnessota
1991 Linus Torvalds announces Linux in a Usenet Newsgroup
1991 Microsoft releases Windows 3.1
1991 NSF (National Science Foundation) lifting any restrictions on commercial use.
1991 Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) is introduced, its encryption program used for e-mail, created by Phil Zimmermann.
1991 Stanford Linear Accelerator (SLAC) becomes the first web server (outside of Europe) on the Internet.
1991 Tequila become the first polymorphic virus (e.g. can change its code to avoid detection).
1991 WAIS (Wide Area Information Server), is developed by Brewster Kahle of Thinking Machines Corp.
1992 Microsoft releases Windows NT
1993 Commercial ISPs are allowed to sell Internet connections to the public.
1993 Intel Releases the Pentium CPU
1993 Microsoft.com comes on-line.
1993 Mosaic becomes the first graphical web browser. It was designed by Eric Bina and Marc Andreessen at the University of Illinois’s National Center for Supercomputer Applications.
1994 Linux 1.0 is released.
1994 Netscape v1 is written as an alternative to the Mosaic browser.
1994 Pizza Hut is one of the first companies to "order on-line" to have pizza delivered to your home via the 'web'.
1994 The White House launches its website, www.whitehouse.gov.
1994 Yahoo comes online, David Filo and Jerry Yang, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering students at Stanford University.
1995 WebTV is the name of both a thin client which uses a television for display, and the online service that supports it.
1995 Microsoft Bob was designed to be a user-friendly interface for Windows.
1995 CompuServe, America Online, and Prodigy start providing dial-up Internet access.
1995 DVD: Created by Philips, Sony, Toshiba, and Panasonic
1995 JAVA, is created by Jim Gosling at Sun Microsystems.
1995 Microsoft releases Windows 95
1995 Pixar's "Toy Story," was the first full-length feature film created entirely by computer animation.
1995 Registration of domain names is no longer free. Beginning 14 September, a $50 annual fee has been imposed, which up until now was subsidized by NSF.
1995 The first Microsoft Word "macro virus" is discovered. Known as "Concept" it's the most widely spread malware for its time.
1995 Yahoo! is founded in Santa Clara, California
1996 Intel Releases the Pentium Pro CPU
1996 Bandai created the Tamagotchis, which are handheld digital pets.
1997 Auto-Tune is an audio processor created by Antares Audio Technologies made it debut.
1997 "Clippy" made its debut in Microsoft Office 97
1997 IBM's Deep Blue beat Garry Kasparov, it was the first and only time a World Chess Champion was defeated by a computer.
1997 Microsoft saves Apple Computer by purchasing 100,000 'non-voting' shares of stock for $150 Million dollars
1997 The term “weblog” is coined. It’s later shortened to “blog.”
1998 Compaq purchases the DEC company.
1998 Google is founded in Menlo Park, California.
1998 Microsoft releases Windows 98
1998 Netscape releases the source code for its Netscape Navigator browser to the public domain.
1998 USB port becomes available, originally conceived by Compaq, Digital Equipment Corp. (DEC), Microsoft, and NEC in 1993
1999 MySpace.com is launched.
1999 Shawn Fanning a college student invents Napster, a computer file sharing application that allows people to swap music over the Internet.
1999 CueCat a free cat-shaped bar-code scanners used to scan specially marked bar codes to visit Internet sites.
2000 America Online buys Time Warner for $16 billion. It’s the biggest merger of all time.
2000 Apple launches the Macintosh Cube
2000 Microsoft releases Windows 2000 (based on Windows NT)
2000 Microsoft releases Windows ME (based on Windows 98)
2000 The Internet bubble bursts, as investment capital dries up and the Nasdaq stock index plunges.
2000 USB 2.0 becomes available
2001 Apple releases the Mac OS X operating system
2001 Microsoft releases Windows XP (basically Microsoft drops the older 16-bit Windows kernel, in favor of Windows NT kernel which is 32-bit)
2001 Wikipedia encyclopedia, goes online
2002 Microsoft launch the Tablet PC
2003 DARPA started the largest A.I. project, by investing $150 million CALO (Cognitive Assistant that Learns and Organizes) and PAL (Personal Assistant that Learns) projects that developed technology that became Siri. (more info.)
2003 Google squires Pyra Labs and Blogger
2003 Microsoft releases Windows Server 2003
2003 Microsoft releases Windows Server 2008
2003 Official Launch Of Myspace as a Social Networking Site
2003 SQL slammer worm causes major problems across the Internet
2004 Facebook is founded in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
2004 Microsoft's SPOT (Smart Personal Objects Technology) watches debuts.
2004 The computer worm called MyDoom, spreads through emails and file-sharing software faster than any previous malware for its time.
2005 Apple's and Motorola Inc. partner to the release of ROKR cellphone which allowed synced Music with iTunes
2005 Mark Zuckerberg and Dustin Moskovitz begin running Facebook full-time (originally known as thefacebook)
2005 Twitter is founded in San Francisco, California.
2005 World's first cell phone virus: Commwarrior-A, believed to have originated in Russia, and it spread via text message.
2005 YouTube.com is launched.
2006 Google purchases YouTube for US$1.65 billion in stock
2006 Hackers breaking through AACS copy protection that's utilized by both HD-DVD and Bluray Disc.
2006 Microsoft announces Bill Gates transition
2006 Microsoft's Ultra-Mobile PC platform launched, first device was Samsung Q1
2006 Toshiba launches the world's first HD DVD player, the HDXA1 in Japan.
2007 Apple launched the iPhone.
2007 Apple TV allowed you view content that purchased from iTune on your TV.
2007 Microsoft releases Windows Vista
2007 The Android Mobile OS is launched
2008 Apple launched the iPhone 3G.
2008 Apple launches the MacBook Air.
2008 Conficker is thought to be the largest computer worm of its time.
2008 HD-DVD loses the format war to Bluray.
2008 Microsoft offers to buy Yahoo for $44.6 billion.
2008 The T-Mobile G1 is launch (the first Android based smartphone)
2009 Apple launched the iPhone 3GS.
2009 Microsoft launches the Bing search engine.
2009 Microsoft releases the Zune
2009 Microsoft releases Windows 7
2009 Microsoft releases Windows Server 2008 R2
2010 Apple launched the iPad.
2010 Apple launched the iPhone 4.
2010 Microsoft releases Windows Phone 7
2010 Siri the digital personal assistance made its first appearance.
2010 The Google Nexus One is launched
2010 The Google Nexus S is launched
2010 The Microsoft Kin smartphones debuted.
2011 Apple launched the iPad 2.
2011 Apple launched the iPhone 4S.
2011 Apple launched the iPhone 5.
2011 Microsoft releases Windows Phone 7.5
2011 Microsoft releases Windows Phone 8
2011 Siri the digital personal assistance makes its second appearance after being acquired by Apple.
2011 The Google Galaxy Nexus is launched
2011 The Google Nexus 4 is launched
2012 Apple launched the iPad (3rd Generation).
2012 Apple launched the iPad Mini.
2012 Google announces Project Glass
2012 Internet users defeat the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA)/Protect IP Act (PIPA) for Internet freedom.
2012 Microsoft releases Windows 8
2012 Microsoft releases Windows Server 2012
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