Internet Age

The World Wide Web becomes a global tool that changes communication, social, economic and political paradigms.  Cyber-warfare becomes another tool of nation-states to launch attacks against another.  Pirates, hackers, criminal and activists create new tools to attack people, organizations and governments for economic benefit or social change.

The Internet Age Begins
1990    Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is founded by Mitch Kapor and Stewart Brand
1990    IBM System/390: In 1999 IBM ports Linux to run on a Mainframe.
1990    Microsoft releases Windows 3.0, with "mufti-tasking" as a selling point.
1990    Motorola releases the 68040 CPU.
1990    NewTek released Video Toaster non-linear video editing system for the Amiga line of computers that included custom hardware and software.
1990    The first effort to index the Internet is created by Peter Deutsch at McGill University in Montreal, who devises Archie.
1990    The World (world.std.com) debuts as the first commercial provider of Internet dial-up access
1990    World Wide Web, is created by Sir Tim Berners-Lee
1991    Gopher released by Paul Lindner and Mark P. McCahill from the Univ of Minnessota
1991    Linus Torvalds announces Linux in a Usenet Newsgroup
1991    Microsoft releases Windows 3.1
1991    NSF (National Science Foundation) lifting any restrictions on commercial use.
1991    Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) is introduced, its encryption program used for e-mail, created by Phil Zimmermann.
1991    Stanford Linear Accelerator (SLAC) becomes the first web server (outside of Europe) on the Internet.
1991    Tequila become the first polymorphic virus (e.g. can change its code to avoid detection).
1991    WAIS (Wide Area Information Server), is developed by Brewster Kahle of Thinking Machines Corp.
1992    Microsoft releases Windows NT
1993    Commercial ISPs are allowed to sell Internet connections to the public.
1993    Intel Releases the Pentium CPU
1993    Microsoft.com comes on-line.
1993    Mosaic becomes the first graphical web browser.  It was designed by Eric Bina and Marc Andreessen at the University of Illinois’s National Center for Supercomputer Applications.
1994    Linux 1.0 is released.
1994    Netscape v1 is written as an alternative to the Mosaic browser.
1994    Pizza Hut is one of the first companies to "order on-line" to have pizza delivered to your home via the 'web'.
1994    The White House launches its website, www.whitehouse.gov.
1994    Yahoo comes online, David Filo and Jerry Yang, Ph.D. Electrical Engineering students at Stanford University.
1995    WebTV is the name of both a thin client which uses a television for display, and the online service that supports it.
1995    Microsoft Bob was designed to be a user-friendly interface for Windows.
1995    CompuServe, America Online, and Prodigy start providing dial-up Internet access.
1995    DVD: Created by Philips, Sony, Toshiba, and Panasonic
1995    JAVA, is created by Jim Gosling at Sun Microsystems.
1995    Microsoft releases Windows 95
1995    Pixar's "Toy Story," was the first full-length feature film created entirely by computer animation.
1995    Registration of domain names is no longer free. Beginning 14 September, a $50 annual fee has been imposed, which up until now was subsidized by NSF.
1995    The first Microsoft Word "macro virus" is discovered. Known as "Concept" it's the most widely spread malware for its time.
1995    Yahoo! is founded in Santa Clara, California
1996    Intel Releases the Pentium Pro CPU
1996    Bandai created the Tamagotchis, which are handheld digital pets.
1997    Auto-Tune is an audio processor created by Antares Audio Technologies made it debut.
1997    "Clippy" made its debut in Microsoft Office 97
1997    IBM's Deep Blue beat Garry Kasparov, it was the first and only time a World Chess Champion was defeated by a computer.
1997    Microsoft saves Apple Computer by purchasing 100,000 'non-voting' shares of stock for $150 Million dollars
1997    The term “weblog” is coined. It’s later shortened to “blog.”
1998    Compaq purchases the DEC company.
1998    Google is founded in Menlo Park, California.
1998    Microsoft releases Windows 98
1998    Netscape releases the source code for its Netscape Navigator browser to the public domain.
1998    USB port becomes available, originally conceived by Compaq, Digital Equipment Corp. (DEC), Microsoft, and NEC in 1993
1999    MySpace.com is launched.
1999    Shawn Fanning a college student invents Napster, a computer file sharing application that allows people to swap music over the Internet.
1999    CueCat a free cat-shaped bar-code scanners used to scan specially marked bar codes to visit Internet sites.
2000    America Online buys Time Warner for $16 billion. It’s the biggest merger of all time.
2000    Apple launches the Macintosh Cube
2000    Microsoft releases Windows 2000 (based on Windows NT)
2000    Microsoft releases Windows ME (based on Windows 98)
2000    The Internet bubble bursts, as investment capital dries up and the Nasdaq stock index plunges.
2000    USB 2.0 becomes available
2001    Apple releases the Mac OS X operating system
2001    Microsoft releases Windows XP (basically Microsoft drops the older 16-bit Windows kernel, in favor of Windows NT kernel which is 32-bit)
2001    Wikipedia encyclopedia, goes online
2002    Microsoft launch the Tablet PC
2003    DARPA started the largest A.I. project, by investing $150 million CALO (Cognitive Assistant that Learns and Organizes) and PAL (Personal Assistant that Learns) projects that developed technology that became Siri. (more info.)
2003    Google squires Pyra Labs and Blogger
2003    Microsoft releases Windows Server 2003
2003    Microsoft releases Windows Server 2008
2003    Official Launch Of Myspace as a Social Networking Site
2003    SQL slammer worm causes major problems across the Internet
2004    Facebook is founded in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
2004    Microsoft's SPOT (Smart Personal Objects Technology) watches debuts.
2004    The computer worm called MyDoom, spreads through emails and file-sharing software faster than any previous malware for its time.
2005    Apple's and Motorola Inc. partner to the release of ROKR cellphone which allowed synced Music with iTunes
2005    Mark Zuckerberg and Dustin Moskovitz begin running Facebook full-time (originally known as thefacebook)
2005    Twitter is founded in San Francisco, California.
2005    World's first cell phone virus: Commwarrior-A, believed to have originated in Russia, and it spread via text message.
2005    YouTube.com is launched.
2006    Google purchases YouTube for US$1.65 billion in stock
2006    Hackers breaking through AACS copy protection that's utilized by both HD-DVD and Bluray Disc.
2006    Microsoft announces Bill Gates transition
2006    Microsoft's Ultra-Mobile PC platform launched, first device was Samsung Q1
2006    Toshiba launches the world's first HD DVD player, the HDXA1 in Japan.
2007    Apple launched the iPhone.
2007    Apple TV allowed you view content that purchased from iTune on your TV.
2007    Microsoft releases Windows Vista
2007    The Android Mobile OS is launched
2008    Apple launched the iPhone 3G.
2008    Apple launches the MacBook Air.
2008    Conficker is thought to be the largest computer worm of its time.
2008    HD-DVD loses the format war to Bluray.
2008    Microsoft offers to buy Yahoo for $44.6 billion.
2008    The T-Mobile G1 is launch (the first Android based smartphone)
2009    Apple launched the iPhone 3GS.
2009    Microsoft launches the Bing search engine.
2009    Microsoft releases the Zune
2009    Microsoft releases Windows 7
2009    Microsoft releases Windows Server 2008 R2
2010    Apple launched the iPad.
2010    Apple launched the iPhone 4.
2010    Microsoft releases Windows Phone 7
2010    Siri the digital personal assistance made its first appearance.
2010    The Google Nexus One is launched
2010    The Google Nexus S is launched
2010    The Microsoft Kin smartphones debuted.
2011    Apple launched the iPad 2.
2011    Apple launched the iPhone 4S.
2011    Apple launched the iPhone 5.
2011    Microsoft releases Windows Phone 7.5
2011    Microsoft releases Windows Phone 8
2011    Siri the digital personal assistance makes its second appearance after being acquired by Apple.
2011    The Google Galaxy Nexus is launched
2011    The Google Nexus 4 is launched
2012    Apple launched the iPad (3rd Generation).
2012    Apple launched the iPad Mini.
2012    Google announces Project Glass
2012    Internet users defeat the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA)/Protect IP Act (PIPA) for Internet freedom.
2012    Microsoft releases Windows 8
2012    Microsoft releases Windows Server 2012
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