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Processor History

Intel/AMD/PowerPC Processor Specifications

Year Processor Transistors (w/L2 cache) Clock Speed Notes
Nov-71 Intel 4004 2,300(10µm)
740KHz 4-bit CPU
Apr-72 Intel 8008 3,500(10µm) 500KHz 8-bit CPU
Dec-74 Intel 8080 6,000 2MHz 8-bit CPU
Mar-76 Intel 8085 6,500(3µm) 3MHz 8-bit CPU
Jun-78 Intel 8086 29,000(3µm) 4.77MHz 16-bit CPU (First commercially successful)
Jun-79 Intel 8088 29,000(3µm) 4.77MHz 16-bit CPU (w/8-bit data bus)
Jan-82 Intel 80186 29,000(2µm) 6MHz 16-bit CPU (w/8-bit data bus)
Feb-82 Intel 80286 134,000(1.5µm) 6MHz 16-bit CPU
Oct-85 Intel 80386DX 275,000(1µm) 16MHz 32-bit CPU
Jun-88 Intel 80386SX 275,000(1µm) 16MHz 32-bit CPU (w/16-bit data bus)
Apr-89 Intel 80486DX 1,200,000(1µm) 25MHz 32-bit CPU
Apr-91 Intel 80486SX 1,185,000(1µm) 16MHz 32-bit CPU (no FPU)
Mar-92 Intel 80486DX2 1,200,000(1µm) 40MHz 32-bit CPU
Mar-92 Intel 80486DX4 1,600,000(.6µm) 75MHz 32-bit CPU
Nov-92 Intel 80486SL 1,400,000(.8µm) 20MHz 32-bit CPU (Laptop)
Mar-93 Intel Pentium (P5) 3,100,000(.8µm) 66MHz 32-bit CPU
Oct-94 Intel Pentium (P54)
3,200,000(.6µm) 75MHz 32-bit CPU
Mar-95 Intel Pentium (P54CQS)
3,200,000(.35µm) 120MHz 32-bit CPU
Jun-95 Intel Pentium (P54CS)
3,300,000(.35µm) 133MHz 32-bit CPU
Oct-95 Intel Pentium Pro 5,500,000(.6µm) 150MHz 32-bit CPU
Jan-97 Intel Pentium MMX 4,500,000(.35µm) 167MHz 32-bit CPU
May-97 Intel Pentium II 7,500,000(.35µm) 233MHz 32-bit CPU
Apr-98 Intel Celeron 7,500,000(.25µm) 266MHz 32-bit CPU (no L2 Cache)
Jun-98 Intel Pentium II Xeon 9,500,000(.25µm) 400MHz 32-bit CPU
Feb-99 Intel Pentium III 9,500,000(.25µm) 450MHz 32-bit CPU
Oct-99
Intel Pentium III Xeon
9,500,000(.25µm) 500MHz
32-bit CPU
May-01 Intel Itanium (Merced) 25,000,000 733MHz 64-bit CPU
Nov-00 Intel Pentium 4 (Willamette) 42,000,000 2GHz 32-bit CPU
May-01 AMD Mobile Duron 25,200,000 1.2GHz 32-bit CPU
Jun-01 AMD Athlon MP 1900+ (Palomino) 37,500,000 1.6GHz 32-bit CPU
Aug-01 AMD Duron 25,200,000 1.3GHz 32-bit CPU
Aug-01 Intel Pentium 4 (0.18 µm) 42,000,000 2GHz 32-bit CPU
Oct-01 AMD Athlon XP 1900+ (Palomino) 37,500,000 1.6GHz 32-bit CPU
Oct-01 Intel Celeron (Tualatin) 44,000,000 1.4GHz 32-bit CPU
Oct-01 PowerPC G3 (IBM PowerPC 750FX) 38,000,000 800MHz 32-bit CPU
Jan-02 Intel Pentium 4 (Northwood) (w/HyperThreading) 55,000,000 3.06GHz 32-bit CPU
Jan-02 Intel Xeon DP (Prestonia) 55,000,000 3.2GHz 32-bit CPU
Jan-02 PowerPC G4 (Motorola 7455) 33,000,000 1.25GHz 32-bit CPU
Apr-02 AMD Mobile Duron 1900+ 37,600,000 1.6GHz 32-bit CPU
Apr-02 Intel Celeron (Willamette) 42,000,000 1.8GHz 32-bit CPU
Jun-02 AMD Athlon XP 2800+ 37,600,000 2.25GHz 32-bit CPU
Jul-02 Intel Itanium 2 (McKinley) 210,000,000 900MHz 64-bit CPU
Aug-02 AMD Athlon MP 2400+ (Thoroughbred) 37,600,000 2GHz 32-bit CPU
Aug-02 Intel Pentium 4 55,000,000 2.8GHz 32-bit CPU
Nov-02 Intel Celeron (Northwood) 55,000,000 2.8GHz 32-bit CPU
Nov-02 Intel Xeon MP (Gallatin) 240,000,000 3GHz 32-bit CPU
Feb-03 AMD Athlon XP 3200+ (Barton) 54,300,000 2.25GHz  32-bit CPU
Apr-03 AMD Opteron (Sledgehammer) 54,300,000 2.2GHz (148, 248, 848) 32-bit CPU (w/64-bit extensions)
Mar-03
Pentium M
77,000,000(.13µm) 1.3GHZ
32-bit CPU
May-03 AMD Athlon MP 2800+ (Barton) 54,300,000 2.133GHz  32-bit CPU
Jun-03 Intel Itanium 2 (Madison) 410,000,000 1.5GHz 64-bit CPU
Jun-03 Intel Pentium 4 (Northwood) 55,000,000 3.2GHz 32-bit CPU
Sep-03 AMD Athlon 64 3400+ (Clawhammer) 105,900,000 2.2GHz  32-bit CPU (w/64-bit extensions)
Sep-03 AMD Athlon 64 FX-53 (Sledgehammer) 105,900,000 2.4GHz (53) 32-bit CPU (w/64-bit extensions)
Sep-03 PowerPC G5 (IBM PowerPC 970) 58,000,000 2 GHz 32-bit CPU
Nov-03 Intel Pentium 4 Extreme Edition (Northwood) 178,000,000 3.4GHz 32-bit CPU
Feb-04 Intel Pentium 4 (Prescott) 125,000,000 3.4GHz 32-bit CPU
May-05
Intel Pentium D (Dual-Core)
230,000,000(90nm)
2.66GHz
64-bit CPU
Jun-06
Intel Xeon (Dual-Core, w/VT Extensions)  (90nm) 3GHZ
64-bit CPU    
Jul-06
Intel Core 2 Duo (Dual-Core)
253,000,000(45nm)
3GHZ 64-bit CPU
Nov-06
Intel Core 2 Extreme QX6700
582,000,000(45nm)3GHZ64-bit CPU
2008
Intel Core i7
730,000,000(32nm)3.2GHZ
64-bit CPU
2010
Intel Xeon "Nehalem-EX"2,300,000,000(45nm)
3GHZ
64-bit CPU
2012
Intel Core i7
1,400,000,000(22nm)
3.7GHZ
64-bit CPU

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